Harvey v Handelman, Witkowicz & Levitsky, LLP 2015 NY Slip Op 05794 Decided on July 2, 2015 Appellate Division, Fourth Department is a harbinger of legal malpractice issues to come. Likelyhood of success on appeal will be a banner issue in almost all legal malpractice cases.
“Memorandum: Plaintiff commenced this legal malpractice action seeking damages for the alleged negligence of defendants in their representation of him in a personal injury action arising from a motor vehicle accident that occurred on March 27, 2007. In September 2007, defendants commenced the underlying personal injury action on plaintiff’s behalf against Nicole Gaulin, the owner and driver of the other vehicle involved in the accident. Subsequently, defendants, on plaintiff’s behalf, moved for permission to file a late notice of claim on Gaulin’s employer, the County of Orleans (County), and on the Kendall Central School District (District), the district to which Gaulin was providing services on behalf of the County. That motion was granted by Supreme Court, and the County and the District appealed. We modified the order by affirming that part of the order granting leave to file a notice of claim and by deleting that part of the order which added the County and the District as defendants to the action (Harvey v Gaulin [appeal No. 2], 68 AD3d 1789).
During the pendency of the prior appeal, a notice of claim was served on the County and the District, and an examination pursuant to General Municipal Law § 50-h was conducted. The amended complaint adding the County and the District as defendants was filed on March 4, 2010.
By order dated March 21, 2011, the court granted the motions of the County and the District to dismiss the amended complaint against them as time-barred. No appeal was taken from the March 21, 2011 order. On April 17, 2011, plaintiff filed a consent to change of attorney and defendants’ representation of plaintiff ceased.
By order dated November 7, 2011, the court granted the motion of Gaulin’s estate, substituted pursuant to CPLR 1015, for summary judgment dismissing the amended complaint against it for, inter alia, failure to serve Gaulin with a notice of claim. No appeal was taken from that order.”
“Here, we conclude that defendants failed to meet their burden to establish as a matter of law that any alleged negligence on their part resulting in the March 21, 2011 order dismissing of the amended complaint against the County was not a proximate cause of plaintiff’s damages (see Grace v Law, 108 AD3d 1173, 1176, affd 24 NY3d 203). Thus, the court erred in granting the motion with respect to plaintiff’s causes of action arising out of defendants’ handling of the underlying personal injury action against the County. In support of their motion for summary judgment, defendants’ own submissions established that the action against the County was commenced 51 days after the expiration of the limitations period. While the statute of limitations set forth in General Municipal Law § 50-i was tolled from the time plaintiff commenced the proceeding to obtain leave to file a late notice of claim until the order granting that relief went into effect (see Giblin v Nassau County Med. Ctr., 61 NY2d 67, 74), the order granting such leave was effective when entered (see Toro v City of New York, 271 AD2d 523, 523-524, lv denied 96 NY2d 705), and the appeal from that order provided no further toll (see Dublanica v Rome Hosp./Murphy Mem. Hosp., 126 AD2d 977, 977, lv denied 70 NY2d 605). Thus, the limitations period expired on December 10, 2008, and the amended complaint adding the County was not timely when filed on March 4, 2010 (see generally Ambrus v City of New York, 87 AD3d 341, 345). We therefore further conclude that an appeal from the order dismissing the action against the County on limitations grounds had no likelihood of success.
Plaintiff also contends that the court erroneously granted summary judgment to defendants because an appeal from the November 7, 2011 order granting Gaulin’s estate summary judgment based upon a failure to serve Gaulin with a notice of claim was not likely to succeed. We agree. The court dismissed the action against Gaulin’s estate on the ground that Gaulin was not served with a notice of claim in her official capacity as a County employee. However, defendants did not oppose the motion of Gaulin’s estate on that ground. Nonetheless, the court dismiThus, defendants failed to preserve for our review the issue for any possible appeal by plaintiff and/or his substitute counsel (see Antokol & Coffin v Myers, 30 AD3d 843, 845; Crawford v Windmere Corp., 262 AD2d 268, 269). We therefore conclude that any appeal of the dismissal on this issue was not likely to succeed, and “defendants failed to establish as a matter of law that any negligence on their part was not a proximate cause of plaintiff’s damages” (Grace, 108 AD3d at 1176). We further note that, in moving for summary judgment, defendants did not raise the issue whether an appeal from the dismissal of the amended complaint against Gaulin in her individual capacity would have been “likely to succeed.” ssed the complaint in its entirety. That too was error (see generally Kuhl v Piatelli, 31 AD3d 1038, 1039; Clarke v Davis, 277 AD2d 902, 902). We therefore modify the order by denying the motion insofar as it [*2]sought dismissal of plaintiff’s claims regarding defendants’ representation of plaintiff in the underlying personal injury action against the County and Gaulin, in both her official and individual capacities, and we reinstate the complaint to that extent.