The Client is deaf. A settlement is reached in his case. The attorneys translate the settlement proposal to American Sign Language and the settlement is sealed. The client then says that the settlement amount is not that which was translated. He says he is getting less than he was told in ASL. What to do?
Client brings case in Federal District Court where his claims are rejected. Can he successfully sue the attorney? In this case, no.
“The court properly concluded that collateral estoppel barred plaintiff from relitigating his claims that defendants improperly translated to and from American Sign Language (ASL) the amount he was willing to accept in settlement and then settled for an amount that was unacceptable to him. The Federal District Court’s opinion clearly addressed and rejected these claims, and the Second Circuit properly reviewed the District Court’s findings de novo. The allegations of the complaint in this action and in the federal action are the same, although here plaintiff has asserted legal malpractice, rather than seeking to void the settlement. The fact that the issue arose in the context of a different type of action is not dispositive because the factual findings necessary to support the claims are identical (see D’Arata v New York Cent. Mut. Fire Ins. Co. , 76 NY2d 659, 664 ).
Additionally, plaintiff has not cited new evidence not raised in the federal courts, and he chose not to retain new counsel in the prior action after he discovered the claimed error. He also failed to point to differences in the applicable law in the prior action and here.
Plaintiff asserts that he did not have a full and fair opportunity to litigate his claims because the federal court did not provide him with an ASL interpreter so that he could make a proper presentation in oral argument. However, he failed to point to any evidence he was unable to present to the federal courts. Moreover, the Second Circuit determined that there was no need to hear oral argument on the issue of whether he instructed his attorney to seek the settlement amount he allegedly sought, and it is unclear how plaintiff’s disability interfered with his ability to present his claim in written form or to retain counsel of his choosing. He was also free to hire a private ASL interpreter to communicate with counsel if he believed that it was necessary.”