Brooklyn Med. Eye Assoc., LLC. v Rivkin Radler LLP, 
.2018 NY Slip Op 32913(U)  November 13, 2018 Supreme Court, Kings County Docket Number: 505978/18 Judge: Leon Ruchelsman is an example of what happens when a doctor to doctor business sale goes wrong.

“At the end of 2012 an entity called Craniofacial Surgery P.C., owned by Dr. Dominick Golio entered into a purchase· agreement to buy Brooklyn Medical Eye Associates, LLC [hereinafter ‘BMEA’] owned by Dr. George Hyman. Dr. Golio.   He executed a personal guaranty guaranteeing all the payments due to Dr. Hyman. Pursuant to a promissory note the first payment due to Hyman was not made and thereafter Dr. Hyman sued Dr. Golio in Nassau County and Dr. Golio was represented by defendant Rivkin Radler LLP in that action. Dr. Hyman moved seeking summary judgement in lieu of a complaint, however, such motion was denied on the grounds there were questions whether Dr. Hyman failed to transfer patients to BMEA pursuant to the agreement. Likewise, a motion to reargue was similarly denied. In a decision and order dated October 30, 2015 the Appellate Division reversed that determination holding that “the plaintiff established, upon reargument, his prima facie entitlement to judgement as a matter of law by proving the existence of a guaranty, the underlying debt, and the guarantor’s failure to perform under the guaranty” (id). The Appellate Division rejected the argument any unfulfilled obligations absolved the guarantor stating that “by
the plain language of the guaranty, the defendant was precluded from raising any defenses or counterclaims relating to the underlying debt” (id). Following that decision a judgement was
entered against Dr. Golio. ”

“The crux of plaintiff’s malpractice claim in this regard is that the defendants failed to, argue that additionally Dr. Hyman was actively soliciting BMEA’s patients in further violation of the purchase agreement. Stated simply, the plaintiff argues the defendant failed to argue additional breaches of the agreement by Hyman. However, the Appellate Division rejected the allegation Hyman’s failure to deliver the patient lists exempted Golio from making payment under the guaranty. This was based upon the legal principle, expressed by the Appellate Division, that the guaranty “is a
separate undertaking and a self-standing document … and properly served as the predicate for the plaintiff’s motion for summary judgement in lieu of complaint” (supra). The Appellate Division
further explained that “by its plain terms, and its broad, sweeping, and unequivocal language, the defendant’s guaranty forecloses any challenge to the enforceability and validity of the promissory note made by nonparty Craniofacial Surgery P.C.” and that “by the plain language of the guaranty, the defendant was precluded from raising any defenses or counterclaims relating to the underlying debt” (supra). Thus, the Appellate Division has unequivocally explained that there are no defenses that would have excused Golio from making payments under the guaranty. Thus, Golio has failed to present any basis that the defendant’s failure to present this specific argument would have resulted in a different conclusion. On the contrary, it is clear that no argument would have prevailed absolving Golio of his obligations under the guaranty. Golio argues that §9.2 of the purchase
agreement, a set-off provision would have surely entitled Golio to offset the amount owed due to Hyman’s breaches. However,  Hyman’s breaches of which the Appellate Division was aware and of
which arguments were presented were also sufficient to violate the restrictive covenants. Nevertheless, the Appellate Division ruled that no defenses to the guaranty were available. This
position likewise governs the actual solicitation allegedly committed by Hyman. Consequently, the third cause of action is hereby dismissed. “

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Andrew Lavoott Bluestone

Andrew Lavoott Bluestone has been an attorney for 40 years, with a career that spans criminal prosecution, civil litigation and appellate litigation. Mr. Bluestone became an Assistant District Attorney in Kings County in 1978, entered private practice in 1984 and in 1989 opened…

Andrew Lavoott Bluestone has been an attorney for 40 years, with a career that spans criminal prosecution, civil litigation and appellate litigation. Mr. Bluestone became an Assistant District Attorney in Kings County in 1978, entered private practice in 1984 and in 1989 opened his private law office and took his first legal malpractice case.

Since 1989, Bluestone has become a leader in the New York Plaintiff’s Legal Malpractice bar, handling a wide array of plaintiff’s legal malpractice cases arising from catastrophic personal injury, contracts, patents, commercial litigation, securities, matrimonial and custody issues, medical malpractice, insurance, product liability, real estate, landlord-tenant, foreclosures and has defended attorneys in a limited number of legal malpractice cases.

Bluestone also took an academic role in field, publishing the New York Attorney Malpractice Report from 2002-2004.  He started the “New York Attorney Malpractice Blog” in 2004, where he has published more than 4500 entries.

Mr. Bluestone has written 38 scholarly peer-reviewed articles concerning legal malpractice, many in the Outside Counsel column of the New York Law Journal. He has appeared as an Expert witness in multiple legal malpractice litigations.

Mr. Bluestone is an adjunct professor of law at St. John’s University College of Law, teaching Legal Malpractice.  Mr. Bluestone has argued legal malpractice cases in the Second Circuit, in the New York State Court of Appeals, each of the four New York Appellate Divisions, in all four of  the U.S. District Courts of New York and in Supreme Courts all over the state.  He has also been admitted pro haec vice in the states of Connecticut, New Jersey and Florida and was formally admitted to the US District Court of Connecticut and to its Bankruptcy Court all for legal malpractice matters. He has been retained by U.S. Trustees in legal malpractice cases from Bankruptcy Courts, and has represented municipalities, insurance companies, hedge funds, communications companies and international manufacturing firms. Mr. Bluestone regularly lectures in CLEs on legal malpractice.

Based upon his professional experience Bluestone was named a Diplomate and was Board Certified by the American Board of Professional Liability Attorneys in 2008 in Legal Malpractice. He remains Board Certified.  He was admitted to The Best Lawyers in America from 2012-2019.  He has been featured in Who’s Who in Law since 1993.

In the last years, Mr. Bluestone has been featured for two particularly noteworthy legal malpractice cases.  The first was a settlement of an $11.9 million dollar default legal malpractice case of Yeo v. Kasowitz, Benson, Torres & Friedman which was reported in the NYLJ on August 15, 2016. Most recently, Mr. Bluestone obtained a rare plaintiff’s verdict in a legal malpractice case on behalf of the City of White Plains v. Joseph Maria, reported in the NYLJ on February 14, 2017. It was the sole legal malpractice jury verdict in the State of New York for 2017.

Bluestone has been at the forefront of the development of legal malpractice principles and has contributed case law decisions, writing and lecturing which have been recognized by his peers.  He is regularly mentioned in academic writing, and his past cases are often cited in current legal malpractice decisions. He is recognized for his ample writings on Judiciary Law § 487, a 850 year old statute deriving from England which relates to attorney deceit.