Hinshaw reports this Missouri case:

"The Missouri Court of Appeals for the Western District held that no attorney-client relationship was created simply by the fact the client’s stepfather paid the lawyer’s fees for a criminal defense and therefore affirmed dismissal of the legal malpractice action filed pro se by the stepfather."

" Mr. Fox asserted that he had standing because his family relationship had been harmed by Mr. White’s alleged malpractice, and he was entitled to client status since he had paid the bills and did not receive from Mr. White a non-representation letter. The court disagreed for several reasons. First, “the mere payment of fees, without more, is not proof of an agency relationship, much less an attorney-client relationship. The relationship between a lawyer and his client is a delicate and exacting one, highly personal. It involves much more than the payment of fees. “ Mid-Continent Cas. Co. v. Daniel, Clampett, Powell & Cunningham, 196 S.W.3d 595, 598 (Mo.App. S.D. 2006). Second, “[a]n attorney-client relationship exists when a person seeks and receives legal advice and assistance from a lawyer who intends to give legal advice and assistance to the person.” Collins v. Mo. Bar Plan, 157 S.W.3d 726, 736 (Mo.App. W.D. 2005). 2007 WL 148648 at *2. "

Finally, and even though it would have been better for Mr. White to have sent a non-representation letter, it was not necessary in these circumstances since there was no basis on which to conclude that an attorney-client relationship did in fact exist between Mr. Fox and Mr. White. Cf. Ronald E. Mallen & Jeffrey M. Smith, Legal Malpractice Section 2.12 (2005), cited in this opinion. At the end of the day, however, there simply was no specific undertaking by Mr. White on behalf of Mr. Burns’ family members.

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Andrew Lavoott Bluestone

Andrew Lavoott Bluestone has been an attorney for 40 years, with a career that spans criminal prosecution, civil litigation and appellate litigation. Mr. Bluestone became an Assistant District Attorney in Kings County in 1978, entered private practice in 1984 and in 1989 opened…

Andrew Lavoott Bluestone has been an attorney for 40 years, with a career that spans criminal prosecution, civil litigation and appellate litigation. Mr. Bluestone became an Assistant District Attorney in Kings County in 1978, entered private practice in 1984 and in 1989 opened his private law office and took his first legal malpractice case.

Since 1989, Bluestone has become a leader in the New York Plaintiff’s Legal Malpractice bar, handling a wide array of plaintiff’s legal malpractice cases arising from catastrophic personal injury, contracts, patents, commercial litigation, securities, matrimonial and custody issues, medical malpractice, insurance, product liability, real estate, landlord-tenant, foreclosures and has defended attorneys in a limited number of legal malpractice cases.

Bluestone also took an academic role in field, publishing the New York Attorney Malpractice Report from 2002-2004.  He started the “New York Attorney Malpractice Blog” in 2004, where he has published more than 4500 entries.

Mr. Bluestone has written 38 scholarly peer-reviewed articles concerning legal malpractice, many in the Outside Counsel column of the New York Law Journal. He has appeared as an Expert witness in multiple legal malpractice litigations.

Mr. Bluestone is an adjunct professor of law at St. John’s University College of Law, teaching Legal Malpractice.  Mr. Bluestone has argued legal malpractice cases in the Second Circuit, in the New York State Court of Appeals, each of the four New York Appellate Divisions, in all four of  the U.S. District Courts of New York and in Supreme Courts all over the state.  He has also been admitted pro haec vice in the states of Connecticut, New Jersey and Florida and was formally admitted to the US District Court of Connecticut and to its Bankruptcy Court all for legal malpractice matters. He has been retained by U.S. Trustees in legal malpractice cases from Bankruptcy Courts, and has represented municipalities, insurance companies, hedge funds, communications companies and international manufacturing firms. Mr. Bluestone regularly lectures in CLEs on legal malpractice.

Based upon his professional experience Bluestone was named a Diplomate and was Board Certified by the American Board of Professional Liability Attorneys in 2008 in Legal Malpractice. He remains Board Certified.  He was admitted to The Best Lawyers in America from 2012-2019.  He has been featured in Who’s Who in Law since 1993.

In the last years, Mr. Bluestone has been featured for two particularly noteworthy legal malpractice cases.  The first was a settlement of an $11.9 million dollar default legal malpractice case of Yeo v. Kasowitz, Benson, Torres & Friedman which was reported in the NYLJ on August 15, 2016. Most recently, Mr. Bluestone obtained a rare plaintiff’s verdict in a legal malpractice case on behalf of the City of White Plains v. Joseph Maria, reported in the NYLJ on February 14, 2017. It was the sole legal malpractice jury verdict in the State of New York for 2017.

Bluestone has been at the forefront of the development of legal malpractice principles and has contributed case law decisions, writing and lecturing which have been recognized by his peers.  He is regularly mentioned in academic writing, and his past cases are often cited in current legal malpractice decisions. He is recognized for his ample writings on Judiciary Law § 487, a 850 year old statute deriving from England which relates to attorney deceit.