In this Third Department case,Kreamer v Town of Oxford   2012 NY Slip Op 04445   Decided on June 7, 2012   Appellate Division, Third Department    plaintiff’s complaint was dismissed, even after the AD gave it a liberal reading, and attempted to construct a pleading for plaintiff.

"Plaintiffs failed to state a cause of action against defendant. The complaint does not list legal malpractice as a separate cause of action (see CLPR 3014), and all of the allegations concerning defendant are contained in the "statement of facts" portion of the complaint rather than under a specified cause of action. Even accepting the allegations as true and liberally construing the complaint to be alleging legal malpractice against defendant, the allegations are insufficient to make out a prima facie case. An action for legal malpractice requires proof that the attorney failed to exercise the reasonable skill and knowledge ordinarily possessed by a member of the legal profession, that this negligence was the proximate cause of the client’s loss or injury, and that the client sustained actual damages (see M & R Ginsburg, LLC v Segal, Goldman, Mazzotta & Siegel, P.C., 90 AD3d 1208, 1208-1209 [2011]). Plaintiffs allege that defendant knew or should have known of the Town’s zoning ordinances that could affect plaintiffs’ rights as landowners, but failed to advise them of those rights. They further allege that defendant’s actions inflicted emotional distress and caused them to expend money to save their house. These allegations do not set out the standard of skill required of an attorney or state that defendant’s actions fell below that skill level (see Leder v Spiegel, 9 NY3d 836, 837 [2007], cert denied 552 US 1257 [2008]; compare Canavan v Steenburg, 170 AD2d 858, 859 [1991]; see also Kolev and Collins, The Importance of Due Diligence: Real Estate Transactions in a Complex Land Use World, 84 NY St BJ 24 [March/April 2012]). Thus, defendant was entitled to have the complaint against him dismissed. "