A real estate development gone wrong.  It’s a common litigation situation, and attorneys are often in for the legal malpractice aspect of the case.  Here, in YDRA,LLC v Mitchell   2014 NY Slip Op 50505(U)    Decided on April 3, 2014   Supreme Court, Queens County   Siegal, J.

Supreme Court, Queens County untwists the skein of relationships and claims. 

"On or about September 2, 2012, Plaintiff commenced the within action asserting claims of legal malpractice, architectural malpractice, fraudulent inducement, contract recision and negligence.

Papa was retained by Paul Sklar ("Sklar") by written agreements dated March 15, 2006 and August 9, 2006, to provide a zoning analysis of the subject real property to get Department of Building approval for the construction of a new building on an adjacent lot while the existing building remained. Papa completed his services but Whitestone 8888 Corp opted not to construct the new building. Papa contends that its services were completed at this point.

Plaintiff took title to the property from Whitestone in January of 2009, retaining defendant Mitchell, & Incantalupo ("Mitchell") and Wax Ferraro Architect, PC ("Ferraro") to assist with the purchase.

Plaintiff ultimately brought the within action for breach of contract and negligence as a result of Plaintiff’s inability to secure approval for new construction. On or about November 23, 2011, Plaintiff executed a Stipulation of Discontinuance in favor of Christopher V. Papa. However, prior to the discontinuance defendant Mitchell and Ferraro asserted cross-claims against Papa for contribution and indemnification. "

"Initially, Papa contends that Mitchell and Ferraro may not maintain an action for contribution because the Plaintiff seeks to recover only economic losses. Pursuant to CPLR 1401, "two or more persons who are subject to liability for damages for the same personal injury, injury to property or wrongful death, may claim contribution among them whether or not an action has been brought or a judgment has been rendered against the person from whom contribution is sought." Contribution is unavailable for claims seeking recovery for purely economic loss resulting from the breach of contractual obligations. (Capstone Enterprises of Port Chester, Inc. v. Board of Educ. Irvington Union Free Capstone Enterprises of Port Chester, Inc. v. Board of Educ. Irvington Union Free [*3]School Dist., 106 AD3d 856 [2nd Dept 2013] citing Clark-Fitzpatrick, Inc. v. Long Island R. Co., 70 NY2d 382 [1987]; Galvin Brothers, Inc. v. Town of Babylon, 91 AD3d 715 [2nd Dept 2012].) In the within action, Plaintiff is seeking the purely economic relief of recovery of the purchase price of the Property. Accordingly, a claim for contribution from Papa must be dismissed. "

"A right to indemnification can only arise where there is a written contract providing for indemnification or whether indemnification is implied under common law. (Facilities Dev. Corp. v Miletta, 180 AD2d 97 [3rd Dept 1992]; Rosado v Proctor & Schwartz, 66 NY2d 21 [1985] citing Prosser and Keeton, Torts § 51, at 341 [5th ed].) It is undisputed that there is no contractual relationship between Mitchell or Ferraro. Furthermore, Mitchell and Ferraro’s liability is based upon the their alleged breach of obligations owed to the Plaintiff, rather than upon vicarious liability attributed solely to the fault of Papa, therefore Mitchell and Ferraro do not have a legally viable claim for implied indemnification against Papa. (Mount Vernon Fire Ins. Co. v Mott, 179 AD2d 626 [2nd Dept 1992]; Dormitory Auth. of State of NY v Caudill Rowlett Scott, 160 AD2d 179 [2nd Dept 1990].) Accordingly, as Mitchell and Ferraro have no contractual relationship with Papa and each of the defendants were retained separately from Papa, there can be no claim for indemnification as against Papa."





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Andrew Lavoott Bluestone

Andrew Lavoott Bluestone has been an attorney for 40 years, with a career that spans criminal prosecution, civil litigation and appellate litigation. Mr. Bluestone became an Assistant District Attorney in Kings County in 1978, entered private practice in 1984 and in 1989 opened…

Andrew Lavoott Bluestone has been an attorney for 40 years, with a career that spans criminal prosecution, civil litigation and appellate litigation. Mr. Bluestone became an Assistant District Attorney in Kings County in 1978, entered private practice in 1984 and in 1989 opened his private law office and took his first legal malpractice case.

Since 1989, Bluestone has become a leader in the New York Plaintiff’s Legal Malpractice bar, handling a wide array of plaintiff’s legal malpractice cases arising from catastrophic personal injury, contracts, patents, commercial litigation, securities, matrimonial and custody issues, medical malpractice, insurance, product liability, real estate, landlord-tenant, foreclosures and has defended attorneys in a limited number of legal malpractice cases.

Bluestone also took an academic role in field, publishing the New York Attorney Malpractice Report from 2002-2004.  He started the “New York Attorney Malpractice Blog” in 2004, where he has published more than 4500 entries.

Mr. Bluestone has written 38 scholarly peer-reviewed articles concerning legal malpractice, many in the Outside Counsel column of the New York Law Journal. He has appeared as an Expert witness in multiple legal malpractice litigations.

Mr. Bluestone is an adjunct professor of law at St. John’s University College of Law, teaching Legal Malpractice.  Mr. Bluestone has argued legal malpractice cases in the Second Circuit, in the New York State Court of Appeals, each of the four New York Appellate Divisions, in all four of  the U.S. District Courts of New York and in Supreme Courts all over the state.  He has also been admitted pro haec vice in the states of Connecticut, New Jersey and Florida and was formally admitted to the US District Court of Connecticut and to its Bankruptcy Court all for legal malpractice matters. He has been retained by U.S. Trustees in legal malpractice cases from Bankruptcy Courts, and has represented municipalities, insurance companies, hedge funds, communications companies and international manufacturing firms. Mr. Bluestone regularly lectures in CLEs on legal malpractice.

Based upon his professional experience Bluestone was named a Diplomate and was Board Certified by the American Board of Professional Liability Attorneys in 2008 in Legal Malpractice. He remains Board Certified.  He was admitted to The Best Lawyers in America from 2012-2019.  He has been featured in Who’s Who in Law since 1993.

In the last years, Mr. Bluestone has been featured for two particularly noteworthy legal malpractice cases.  The first was a settlement of an $11.9 million dollar default legal malpractice case of Yeo v. Kasowitz, Benson, Torres & Friedman which was reported in the NYLJ on August 15, 2016. Most recently, Mr. Bluestone obtained a rare plaintiff’s verdict in a legal malpractice case on behalf of the City of White Plains v. Joseph Maria, reported in the NYLJ on February 14, 2017. It was the sole legal malpractice jury verdict in the State of New York for 2017.

Bluestone has been at the forefront of the development of legal malpractice principles and has contributed case law decisions, writing and lecturing which have been recognized by his peers.  He is regularly mentioned in academic writing, and his past cases are often cited in current legal malpractice decisions. He is recognized for his ample writings on Judiciary Law § 487, a 850 year old statute deriving from England which relates to attorney deceit.